The archipelago has been independent since 1975 and the government of the country is based on the democratic principles of a parliamentary republic. From 1975 to 1991 it was a communist / socialist country.
Despite the great poverty and high unemployment, the islands of Cape Verde have never known social or political tensions. Political elections have always been held regularly, democratically, and without problems.
Accession to the European Union
About 40% of the country's population lives on less than $ 2 a day.
Since 1975 the nation's economy has been growing, which allows the country to join middle-income countries. Fishing is one of the main resources and has large reserves of tuna, lobster and blue marlin. Over the years, and thanks to tourism, the islands have achieved a sharp increase in GDP. Agriculture is not very advanced and mainly corn, beans, coffee, sugar cane and peanuts are cultivated. Through innovative technologies, such as drip irrigation, small water reservoirs, water recycling and condensation, the islands try to save the little water they can use